Dr. Sohaib S. Hassan

University of Siegen
Faculty III
BMBF junior research group KONTIKAT & SME Graduate School
Campus Unteres Schloss
Kohlbettstr. 17
Room US-G 002
57072 Siegen, Germany

Phone: +49 (0) 271/ 740 – 5264

E-mail: sohaib.hassan(at)uni-siegen.de

Office hours: On appointment




  • Member, BMBF Research Group – KONTIKAT, Faculty III, University of Siegen
  • Habilitand, Faculty III – School of Economic Disciplines, University of Siegen
  • Research Coordinator & Advisor, SME Graduate School, Faculty III, University of Siegen

Research & Study:

  • Ph.D. (Max Planck Institute of Economics & Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany)
  • M.B.A. (University of Leipzig, Germany)
  • B.Sc. Economics (Punjab University, Pakistan)

Research area:

  • Strategic Management, SMEs, Innovation, Digital Transformation, Business Continuity Management


Research Articles

  • Hassan S.S. (2018),  Data-based Startup Profile Analysis in the European Smart Specialization Strategy: A Text Mining Approach. (with Levan Bzhalava and Jari   Kaivo-oja) European Integration Studies.
  • Hassan S. S. (2017), Digitalisierung und Zivile Sicherheit: Zivilgesellschaftliche und betriebliche Kontinuität in Katastrophenlagen (KONTIKAT), (with Christian Reuter, Jan Gerwinski, Marc-André Kaufhold, Petra Moog, Volkmar Pipek, Gebhard Rusch, Marén Schorch, Sohaib S. Hassan, Christian Soost, Volker Wulf  Sicherheit (DIAGONAL Jahrgang 38), Gero Hoch, Hildegard Schröteler von Brandt, Volker Stein, Angela Schwarz (Hrsg.), S. 207-224, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen,
  • Hassan, S.S. (2016), What does location choice reveal about knowledge-seeking strategies of emerging market multinationals in the EU?. (with Jindra, B. and Cantner, U.) International Business Review, Special issue “International knowledge flows in the context of emerging economy MNEs and increasing global mobility”, 25(1).
  • Hassan, S.S. (2015), European integration and outward FDI from Central and Eastern Europe – Is there any evidence of knowledge-seeking?. (with Jindra, B., Günther, J. and Cantner, U.), Journal of Common Market Studies, 53(6).
  • Hassan, S.S. (2015), Economic institutions and the outward FDI location strategies of emerging market business groups: Evidence from Central and Eastern European countries. Review of Economics and Institutions, Special issue „Business Groups in Emerging Economies: Strategies, Performance and Institutional Context”, 6(1).
  • Hassan, S.S. (2014), Outward FDI by the Emerging Market Multinationals: Location Choice Analyses in the European Union, ThULB – Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Jena, XVIII, 141 Bl., Jena, Univ., Diss., 2013.


Ongoing Projects:

  • Business Continuity Management in SMEs: The Local and International Contexts
  • Digitalization Benchmarking in SMEs, KONTIKAT, University of Siegen
  • Digitalization and Innovation in German SMEs, KONTIKAT, University of Siegen
  • A Fuzzy-Set Approach to Examine the Challenges pertaining to the Digitalization in the German Small and Medium Enterprises, KONTIKAT, University of Siegen
  • Detecting Trends in Startup Activities Using Text Mining, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Sweden, SME Management Graduate School, University of Siegen, Germany & Turku School of Economics, University of Turku, Finland
  • Oligopolistic Reaction and Emerging-Economy Multinationals in the EU, SME Management Graduate School, University of Siegen, Germany & Fox Business School, Temple University, USA
  • Gender, Firm Performance and Internationalization: A Comparative Analysis, SME Management School, University of Siegen, Germany.


Work-in-Progress/ under Review

  • Hassan, S.S. (2020), Do family-owned firms innovate more? Some empirical insights from German Community Innovation Survey. SME Management Graduate School, University of Siegen, Germany
  • Hassan, S.S. (2020), Location of international dispersion activities of family-owned multinationals: The moderating effect of the contextual idiosyncrasies. SME Management Graduate School, University of Siegen, Germany
  • Hassan, S.S. (2019), Why are Social Media and Cloud Computing Unimportant to Small Firms? An empirical Investigation of the Factors Influencing the Social Media and Cloud Computing Adoption in German SMEs. (with Reuter, C. and Bzhalava, L.), KONTIKAT, University of Siegen, TU Darmstadt & Caucasus School of Business, Caucasus University, Georgia.
  • Hassan, S.S. (2019), “Frenemies” of innovation: the role of coopetition in service innovation in Nigeria (with Egbetokun, A. and Bzhalava, L.), SME Management Graduate School, University of Siegen, NACETEm, Nigeria & Caucasus School of Business, Caucasus University, Georgia.
  • Hassan, S.S. (2019): An empirical investigation of the effects of entrepreneurial ecosystems on the propensity to internationalize, (with Bhzalava, L.), SME Management Graduate School, University of Siegen, Germany & Caucasus School of Business, Caucasus University, Georgia.
  • Hassan, S.S (2019).: Assessing the entrepreneurial intentions in the entrepreneurial ecosystems: A cross-country analysis. (with Bhzalava, L.), SME Graduate School, University of Siegen & Tbilisi State University, Georgia.


Research outline

The rapid digitalization has radically altered the business practice and organizational culture across the globe. Organizations are increasingly involved in identifying opportunities and evaluating threats in the current era of industry 4.0 as well as adopting core practices of digitalization to maintain their competitive positioning. Consequently, digitalization has garnered a fundamental place in the strategy of an organization. The trend of digitalization is of relevance to the small and medium enterprises (SMEs), mainly due to their peculiar features and limited capabilities. However, the underlying mechanisms of digitalization in SMEs are not well understood. Against this background, this project aims to explore, both theoretically and empirically, the digital transformation in SMEs. This project empirically examines the implications of digitalization and its interplay with the organizational attributes for three key aspects in SMEs: innovation, internationalization and resilience.